Volumes of books are available to address different techniques of multivariate analysis, which are used extensively by Social Science Researchers. In this book, attempts have been made to provide more frequently used techniques at one place and demonstrates use of these techniques through simple examples, which would be handy to use by non-statistical background researchers, as well. The book covers statistical techniques such as; multivariate regression analysis, factor analysis, path analysis, log-linear regression analysis, simultaneous equations, cluster analysis and step-wise regression analysis. The book also tries to address as how one can interpret the relationships and conclude the results obtained by adopting different multivariate techniques. The Annexures of book demonstrate examples to use various techniques and required statistical test tables.
In the year 2011, the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India launched a poverty Alleviation Project after taking into considerations the loopholes in the preceding Rural Development projects viz., IRDP and SGSY. In Nagaland, it was launched in 2012 and Nagaland State Rural Livelihood Mission (NSRLM) is the implementing agency for NRLM in the state.
This research is a comprehensive work on the performance of NSRLM and contains information on the status of implementation of the mission with reference to NSRLM vision 2025; the effectiveness of the Community Based Organizations of the mission; the impact of the mission on the livelihood status and socio-economic status of the beneficiaries as well as the constraints of various stakeholders of the mission has been identified and presented. Through this study, the author/researcher has also developed a Livelihood Vulnerability Map (LVM) window for unskilled livelihood activities and using it, the vulnerable sections of the people can be identified with better accuracy.
I am convinced that the book âPerformance Assessment of Nagaland State Rural Livelihood Missionâ can be used as a guide by the policy makers in formulating better policies and strategies for the future. It also highlights the necessary and appropriate approaches to be undertaken when implementing other extension activities particularly in addressing poverty alleviation and developing modules to reach out to the target groups. It will also help in minimizing the gaps when working with the target groups particularly the Self Help Groups and the Community Based Organizations.
The spices are low volume high value commercial crops which play an important role in the agricultural economy of the country. The North East India is called as major hub of spices with great demand and tremendous potential. The region is home to some niche spices like Lakadang turmeric, Birdâs eye chilli, King Chilli, Nadia and Bhaise ginger, large cardamom, long pepper, black pepper, coriander, mint, sweet tamarind, perilla, vanilla, star anise, bay leaf and Zanthoxylum etc. which have high market demand for their unique features. Owing to inherently low external input driven nature of farming in the region, the North East lends itself to being developed into the âOrganic Spices hubâ of India. The book âOrganic Spices in North East Indiaâ is an attempt to contain comprehensive information on various dimensions of organic production technology of the 20 spices grown extensively and have the potential to mark the entire North East India on the global spice map. This book is a detailed insight into the varietal, soil, water, nutritional, plant pests and diseases management aspects of the spices grown in the region. Additional information has also been provided on national guidelines for organic production from the NPOP and some other wild collections of spices which are commonly used in the region but not familiar in other parts of the country. The book will help to familiarize the farming community and various stakeholders involved in spices development with the basic requirements for organic production of these valued commodities and be augmentative in enhancing the organic spice production in the naturally blessed region of India.
* Introduces historical accounts of rinderpest and PPR and foundation of veterinary profession
* Provides a comprehensive insight on molecular biology of PPR virus, including virus structure, viral genome and its replication
* Provides accounts of all the major PPR outbreaks in India after its introduction in 1994
* Illustrating immune response to PPRV infection and cross protection among morbilliviruses
* Describes systems virology, viroinformatics and virus-host interactions
* Provides a comprehensive overview of PPRV pathogenesis/pathology with several illustrations
* Discusses the traditional control measure as well as recent developments in PPR vaccine
* Addresses various PPR control programs initiated by OIE/FAO at regional and global levels to eradicate the disease by 2030
* Provides a comprehensive overview of various diagnostic methods
About the Book
Plant parasitic nematodes are microscopic invertebrate fauna often called as eelworms or roundworms or thread worms, They are distributed all over the world in diverse appearance of habitat and is found in almost each biological niche which make easy continued existence and survival. They cause stern productivity of economically important plants viz.,aromatics, cereals, fibers, fruits, medicinal, pulses, oilseeds and vegetables. Most of them attack roots and other underground plant parts and thus immobilize the infested plant part to supply essential nutrients and water from earth. They either alone or in combination with other pathogens constitute an important constraint to global agricultural production and productivity. There are many kinds of nematodes, commonly they may be either ectoparasitic, semi-endoparasitic, sedentary or migratory endoparasitic associations. In agricultural systems, beneficial nematodes are able to enhance nutrient mineralization. Nematode management could be feasibly adopted through integrated practices or either of the cultural, physical, biological, plant resistance and chemical approaches.
Keeping all this in view it was felt necessary to write a book on âPlant Parasitic Nematodes its importance and Managementâ which can help students, researchers and farmers to know on the subject of nematodes, how they look, the way they damage, associate either shorter or longer durations during their life span , management approach , precautions as biosafety aspects, effect of climate on nematode population and finally how the Farmerâs income can be doubled by adopting various methods of their control even under Poly-house cultivations which is the urgent demand of the day. The book constituting 11 chapters covering important aspects of its importance and management tactics.
The Science of plant physiology is connected to the material and energy exchange, growth and development, as well as movement of plant. The basic knowledge of plant physiology is necessary for experts in agriculture and other disciplines of plant science. Being one of the key subjects of basic sciences, plant physiology is taught to the students across all the disciplines of plant sciences including agriculture. The purpose of this book is to present precise information about the fundamentals terms and mechanisms of plant physiology in a comprehensible manner for the students, researchers and teachers engaged in agriculture and associated disciplines. The overall contents of this book are divided into 20 different chapters. In this book the basic understanding about the cell and tissue system is described. Basic concepts of solution, suspension and colloidal system are elucidated. Notions are provided about the soil and soil water available to the plants. Principles of water movement, plant water absorption and translocation, and transpiration and crop water use are put in plain words. The basic concepts of plant stress physiology are complemented with the presentation of physiological mechanisms against different environmental stresses. Concept and theories of nutrient essentiality, and their uptake and transport are explained. Concepts and terminologies related to plant growth and growth regulators are clarified. Fundamental terms and principles about biological catalysts (enzymes) are defined and explained precisely. Critical explanation of the terms related to the vital physiological processes like photosynthesis and respiration are provided. Terminologies related to carbohydrate, nitrogen, protein, lipid and fat metabolism are expounded. Glossary of plant movement and biological clock, photoperiodism and vernalization, and seed dormancy and germination are presented in a trouble-free mode. In addition, a concluding chapter is presented as miscellaneous terms used in sister disciplines of agriculture.
We are sure that the information provided in this book will be quite useful for the students of agriculture and plant sciences at all levels. The book will also be helpful for those who are preparing for various competitive examinations like UG and PG entrance exams in agriculture and medical sciences, JRF/ SRF, NET, ARS examination of ICAR/ UGC/ CSIR, etc. Finally, we request the beloved students and other readers of this book to inform us about the constructive suggestions and criticism for further improvement of the book.
The book âPractical Zoologyâ has been compiled for undergraduate and postgraduate students majoring in life-science discipline. The authors have included the protocols of various experiments on biochemistry, cytogenetics, evolution, microbiology, ecology, chemical biology and immunology. The texts have been supported by diagrams wherever required.
The importance of plant diseases in terms of causing restrictions to global food production is well understood. Modern high input monocropping based intensive agriculture has resulted in loss of biodiversity, outbreaks of pests and diseases, degradation of soil and water which has ultimately led to decline in agricultural production and productivity. Climate changes are becoming a major factor in the present scenario. The analysis of potential impacts of climate change on plant diseases is therefore essential for the adoption of adaptation measures, as well for the development of resistant cultivars, new control methods or adapted techniques, in order to avoid more serious losses. Accelerated climate change affects components of complex biological interactions differentially, often causing changes that are difficult to predict. Crop yield and quality are affected by climate change directly and indirectly through diseases that themselves will change but remain important.
This proceedings volume of the International Conference consists of 33 review articles/ research papers contributed by well known researchers on Precision Agriculture and Sustainable Crop Production.
In order to increase the production and productivity of crops in general, tuber crops is particular in the present over increasing population with decreased per capita land availability, the only way is to increase the vertical increase in the production with better value added varieties, farmers friendly sustainable management as well as production technologies. In this context, the tuber crops, especially potato and other tropical tuber crops, being known as energy banks of nature serving either primary or secondary stable food in order to meet the calorie requirements of about 1/5th of worldâs population. Practically, these tuber crops play very crucial role towards food security as well as reduction of hunger and elimination of poverty as well in the world. It has been estimated that there are about 18 families having more than 30 genera which are used by human beings for vegetable where either the tuber or roots as edible part in the form of vegetable. Economically, these tuber crops are most commonly used for food, feed, medicinal and various important industrial uses. The most important among them are potato, sweet potato, cassava, yam, aroids, arrowroot etc. cultivated in the world. Basically, these crops have the potential to produce significantly high amount of food per unit area having more efficiency in conversion of atmospheric carbon dioxide into carbohydrates as compared to major cereal crops of the world. All these tuber crops, except the potato have peculiar features such as better adaptation to marginal environments, relatively higher contribution to household food security and above all the better flexibility in mixed farming system. Thus, in turn, these crops provide a wide range of crop diversification, competitive products of food, feed and industries etc. Above all, except the potato, all other tropical tuber crops are now treated as,âFuture food cropsâ. In spite of versatility of these tuber crops, still not much attention has been given from producers, consumers, processors and above all researcherâs prospective. Keeping these in views, an attempt have been made by the editors for development of suitable literature in the form of a book dealing with recent technologies on various aspects of important tuber crops including potato.
The uniqueness of this edited book, âPRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF POTATO & TUBER CROPS - lies basically in focus with respect to overall scenario of the various important tuber crops of the world including the potato. About 14 important tuber crops grown all over the world are dealt with this book. We have focused on the origin & diversity of tuber crops, scope and importance of tuber crops, biochemical constituents & nutritive value of the tuber crops, indigenous technology adopted on these tuber crops, their anti-nutritional factors as well as biotechnological aspects of tuber crops with relevant illustration considering the tuber crops of the world as a whole. The subsequent chapters are dealt with individual important tuber crops of the world which include the important aspects of crop improvement, crops production and crop protection with available research achievements. In general, we have not cited the references in the text, instead a separate list of resource materials is provided at the end of each chapter, which may be useful for further reading materials for the readers. This book is written primarily by keeping in mind the requirements for under-graduate students of Horticulture, Agriculture, Post-graduate students, PhD scholars, vegetable growers, extension workers, horticulturists, subject matter specialists, research workers on Olericulture etc. The information incorporated in this book will be definitely useful for those Olericulture students who are also appearing in various competitive examinations such as JRS, SRF, ARS, NET of ICAR, New Delhi seeking admission for Post Graduation and PhD examination by various Indian Universities.
The authors of this edited book have taken resource to extensive research in the internet, referred extensive published literature on the subject to write various chapters assigned in this book. As a matter of fact, it is a compilation of information published on various aspects of the tuber crops. All the contributors of this edited book have tried with utmost care to provide accurate information on each allotted chapter on the topic; however, there may be some inaccuracies due to oversight, hence, the editors will appreciate, if these inaccuracies are brought o our notice so that we are in position to address those in the forthcoming editions. Practically all the contributors of this edited book used a number of illustrations, which is not copy righted and acknowledge the sources. The editors do apologize, if inadvertently any relevant citations are over looked.