The term biotechnology was used for the first time by Karl Erkey, a Hungarian Engineer in 1919. Although biotechnology has been an integral part of ancient civilizations as per records, it has evolved into a comprehensive yet elaborate, extensive yet precise and indispensible subject for research being rooted and connected to all basic areas of life sciences in terms of research and analysis.
Biotechnology is based on use of biological agents, systems and mechanisms for generation of useful products and services by application of tools and techniques for overall benefit to mankind. It encompasses the intricacies of all branches of life science amalgamating them with broad research areas of environment, agriculture, pollution, drugs and pharmaceuticals, vaccines, detailed structure of bio-molecules and their functions.
An altogether new era has dawned upon biotechnology, as a result of which it has endowed and empowered us with novel, modified and improved products. These products have become a source of economic upliftment and development, which are also proved to be foundation stones for industries and capital generation. We are living in the age of genomics which has further evolved into proteomics, metabolomics, metagenomics etc. and new branches based on application of software programmes for data research, analysis and interpretation- bioinformatics and biostatistics.
Biotechnology thus offers a plethora of opportunities and avenues to people who wish to pursue their career in biotechnology. Keeping this in view, the present book was planned and designed as a source of crisp, concise and complete information under one roof. We hope that the students preparing for different competitive exams find this book helpful and informative for achieving their goal. A sincere effort has been made to present information in short answer type format and multiple choice question format so as to cover the basics, finer points, critical nuggets of information and contemporary news as well. We hope to further such academic endeavors in future and hope for a good response.
Biodiversity can be quite easily defined as the diversity or variety of living organisms on this planet. It has been understood as the measure of the variety of organisms present in different ecosystems. This can refer to genetic variation, ecosystem variation or species variation within an area, biome or planet. This book entitled ‚ÄúA new horizons in Biodiversity‚ÄĚ consists of 23 chapters. The chapters are mainly focused on the diversity of Molluscs, Planktons, fishes, Crabs, Silkworms, Butterflies, Insects, Crustaceans, Spiders, etc., The authors have put an effort to explain each and every point of respective diversities. This book has been brought to the society, keeping in mind students of graduate and post graduate, research scholars and teaching faculty.
¬® Introduction ¬® Rice necrosis mosaic virus(RNMV) and its bio-physical characterization¬® RNMV- Host-dependent reaction reversibility¬® Existence of virus in inoculated fibre crop plants¬® RNMV ‚Äď fibre plant interaction and metabolic changes ¬® Agronomic and Economic Package for Energized Jute
Eultivation : On- and Off-farm practices under different agro-ecologies ¬® RNMV-interaction with other crops and changes in biochemical properties ¬® Executive summary ¬® Conclusion ¬® Strategic steps in need ¬® Literature cited ¬® Abbreviations ¬® Subject index
This practical manual is an excellent compilation of techniques for researchers interested in various aspects dealing with cyanobacteria, besides providing basic knowledge on this fascinating group of organisms. Despite the availability of similar compilations, this stands out in terms of its clarity and ‚Äúsimple to understand and do- language‚ÄĚ, besides information on the latest advances in the field. Beginning with the basics of isolation, followed by purification and identification, the manual uses simple and effective vocabulary for those working with cyanobacteria, beginners or interested scholars. An important inclusion is the section on microscopy, from light microscropy to electron microscopy, which is a fascinating topic for those interested in understanding the ultrastructural features of these photosynthetic prokaryotes. Axenization and getting clones are one of the difficult aspects of cyanobacteriology and these details are given well, with illustrations. The protocols for lipid and protein extraction are explained in detail, and the use of molecular tools is also dealt suitably. The chapter on preservation of cyanobacteria, an important set of techniques for maintenance and storage, provides useful information not only for researchers, but also for germplasm culture collection curators. Overall, this compilation will provide useful for all researchers, particularly those interested in using cyanobacteria as their workhorses in their research programs.
¬® Introduction ¬® Bast fibre crops : Their Types and Details in Brief ¬® Diseases of Jute ¬® Diseases of Mesta ¬® Diseases of Sunnhemp ¬® Diseases of Ramie ¬® Diseases of Flax ¬® Diseases of Congo jute ¬® Host : Pathogen Interaction in Bast Fibre Crops ¬® Biological Control of Diseases of Bast Fibre Crops ¬® Integrated Pest Management in Bast Fibre Crops ¬® Phanerogamic Parasite in Bast Fibre Crops ¬® Non-parasitic Diseases in Bast Fibre Crops ¬® Disease of Unknown Etiology ¬® Biotechnolgy in Disease Management of Bast Fibre Crops ¬® Literature Cited ¬® Abbreviations
¬® Evolution of Renewable Energy Policy in India ¬® Renewable Energy in India ‚Äď Policy, Progress and Roadmap ¬® Renewable Energy Policies, Schemes and Incentives ¬® Renewable Energy Policy and Finance in India ¬® Shifting the Narrative Towards Mainstreaming Clean Energy in India‚Äôs Power Mix ¬® Mainstreaming Renewable Energy in Indian electricity system: Sustaina-bility and Policy Imperatives ¬® Policies for Hydropower development in India ¬® Accelerating Energy Efficiency in India ¬®Informing the international negotiations on climate: Benchmarking of India‚Äôs national contributions post COP-21
Animal physiology is the study of the internal physical and chemical functions of animals. Professionals in this field may explore the makeup of animals, including their genetics, behaviours and their biological structure. A degree in animal physiology can lead to opportunities in a wide variety of areas, including fisheries, veterinary sciences and pharmaceutical research. This book entitled ‚ÄúAnimal Physiology‚ÄĚ consists of 25 chapters. The chapters are mainly focused on the physiological changes in the animals when exposed to toxicants, drugs, phytochemicals, etc., The authors have put an effort to explain each and every point of respective studies. This book has been brought to the society, keeping in mind students of graduate and post graduate, research scholars and teaching faculty.
The term biotechnology is a fusion of biology and technology. The area is multidisciplinary, vast and highly divergent, which has made precise definition of the subject rather difficult, it is a basically the controlled use of biological agents, such as micro-organisms or cellular components for human beneficial use.This book entitled ‚ÄúBiotechnology for Human welfare‚ÄĚ consists of 34 chapters. The chapters are mainly focused on the newer technological aspects in molecular biology, bioremediation, toxicology etc.,The authors have put an effort to explain each and every point in the procedures. This book has been brought to the society, keeping in mind students of graduate and post graduate, research scholars and teaching faculty.
Part-A : Spices - ¬® Black Pepper ¬® Small Cardamom ¬® Large Cardamom ¬® Ginger ¬® Turmeric ¬® Paprika and Chilli ¬® Vanilla ¬® Allspice ¬® Cinnamon and Cassia ¬® Clove ¬® Curry Leaf ¬® Garcinia ¬® Nutmeg ¬® Tamarind ¬® Ajwain ¬® Coriander ¬® Cumin ¬® Fennel ¬® Fenugreek
Part-B : Plantation Crops- ¬® Coconut ¬® Oil Palm ¬® Arecanut ¬® Cocoa ¬® Coffee ¬® Tea ¬® Palmyra ¬® Cashew ¬® Rubber
The present volume is the first in the series on the ‚ÄúBreeding of Horticultural crops‚ÄĚ. Each volume in the series being edited by very eminent scientists in the field. Dr.V.A.Parthasarathy an eminent Horticultural scientists is the Senior Editor for the series.
The first volume is devoted to Spices and Plantation crops as India has a great tradition in these crops. Many a foreign invasion into this country has been primarily for gaining control over Spice Trade. India is also a leading producer of different spices and plantation crops and the research on these crops have started over a century ago in Kerala at Kasaragod. Hence, it was decided to start the series with these wonderful crops which has a great bearing on Indian economy.
The book is divided into two parts, namely, plantation crops and spices. Twelve spice crops and nine plantation crops have been covered in this book. Each crop has been dealt in detail under various headings such as History and origin, Species and cultivars, Cytogenetics, Genetic resources survey, collection, conservation and evaluation; blossom biology, breeding objectives, approaches for crop improvement using various methods ,molecular aided breeding , biotechnological approaches, marker-assisted selection, bioinformatics, IPR issues and finally achievements and future thrusts.
The book would be great use to all researchers in Horticulture in general and to those working on these crops. This would be valuable text for M.Sc and Ph.D. courses as well for ICAR NET and ARS exams.