Pests and diseases are one of the major biotic factors, which destroy around 30-40% of crop produce during pre and post-harvest stages. Farmers apply high doses of pesticides to control pests and diseases, but the treatments often fail to give an economic return because of late application and/or poor quality of the pesticide. This situation warrants evolving appropriate plant protection strategies so as to minimize pesticide input in agriculture, and to make the plant protection strategies economical and ecofriendly. In this direction, bio-intensive approaches may work as an effective and alternate option to chemical pesticides, and may offer sustainable solutions of agricultural pests and diseases. The book, âBio-intensive approaches: application and effectiveness in the management of plant nematodes, insects and weedsâ presents elaborated and updated information on non-chemical and integrated methods of pests and disease management in agricultural crops. The volume embodies 25 chapters covering major diseases of agriculturally important crops, highlighting the application and effectiveness of bio-intensive methods of their management, especially biological and cultural methods as well as the biotechnological and nano-technological tools. The present book shall serve as an important reference source and would provide field orientated and detailed information, highly useful to students, scientists, faculties, entrepreneurs, industrialists, planners and others intend to devise and develop bio-intensive modules for management of diseases, insect pests and weeds in food, fibre and medicinal crops.
The Book is a compilation of Chapter which are contributed by experts in Relevent Field the book contain chapters that are directly providing a ready in hard reference about all the post-harvest operations, processing and value addition details of major and minor fruit crops and major group of flowers as well. This book would be very useful for everyone who so ever is interested to know about harvesting and handling of fruits and flowers crops.
There has been a tremendous improvement in ICT usage in various fields especially in agriculture research, education and extension. ICT has taken an enormous leap with public and private agencies efforts and investments in developing infrastructure and strong interest in spread of ICT. Need is to create more accessible, affordable and comprehensible media sources and applications so that the stakeholders can make maximum out of it. The book covers the importance of ICT in all the fields which have direct or indirect bearing on agriculture, with full attention to the stakeholders who are the actual users as well as who are the agents in making ICT and other advanced media as a catalyst for making path breaking changes in nation's agricultural and rural development. There are sixteen chapters in this book written by 34 authors who are professors, scientist, and experts working several years in this field. The book covers three most important dimensions viz. use of ICT and social media in e learning, skill development, and applications in real life. In this regard the book is unique and offering nascent content in ICT and skill development.
Over the last few years, scientists have researched extensively on integrated pest management (IPM) as the viable alternative of pesticides for reduction of damage due to insect pests, pathogens and weeds in crop plants. This disease management strategy is bio-safe, environmental friendly, ecologically compatible and economically sound. Excellent biotechnological developments have taken place and a number of technologies are currently crossed the pilot tests for commercialization. More recently emphasis is given on the development of resistant varieties but sometimes the failure of resistant gene in a variety has been observed and hence the scientists are busy to manage the diseases by developing transgenic varieties in addition to regular hybridization. This proceedings volume of the International Conference will be of great help to solve the problems of crop disease management.
The volume consists of 33 review articles / research papers on biotechnological approaches by well-known researchers throughout India on different crops.
t had been long felt need by scientists and vegetable growers in India and abroad to bring out a comprehensive publication on virus and virus-like pathogens infecting various vegetable crops /plants with special emphasis to the research work done in the Indian subcontinent which is considered to be the original home of several vegetables. Therefore, I decided to write my experiences on virus diseases of vegetable crops in India and abroad with a joint authorship with a well known Entomologist. Dr. K.P. Srivastava. I gained hand on experience on virus and virus-like diseases of vegetables while working at the Regional Station of Indian Agricultural Research Institute at Shimla and Kalimpong. Interestingly I did most of the work for my Ph.D on an important virus, turnip mosaic virus at Kalimpong in Darjeeling hills. I was exposed on virus and virus-like diseases of plants while working at several laboratories abroad. Finally, I gained long experience on viruses at the Advanced Centre for Plant Virology at IARI, New Delhi through National and International projects. Virus and virus-like diseases posed serious threat to vegetable production in India and elsewhere. Important vegetables grown all over the world have been listed in the book. Information has been provided on economic importance of vegetables, vegetable producing countries and world vegetable production. Viruses of vegetatively propagated vegetable crops such as potato and others are much more important economically due to perpetuation of these pathogens in these crops. Diseases caused by viruses, phytoplasmas (mycoplasma-like organisms) and viroids are among the greatest threat to vegetable cultivation all over the world. Diseases caused by these pathogens have a direct impact on export and import of horticultural plants and products. Vegetable crops are more susceptible to virus and virus-like infections. Basic information about viruses, phytoplasma and viroids and their diagnostics have been provided. The book has sixteen chapters: Introduction, followed by 15 chapters separately on nature and management of virus and virus-like diseases of vegetables. First chapter of the book provides brief introduction about vegetable crop plants, their origin in Asia, Australia, North America, and in Mediterranean regions. Other 15 chapters described the nature and management of virus and virus-like diseases of vegetables in following families: Cucurbitaceae (33 diseases on 14 crop plants), Solanaceae (61 diseases on 8 crop plants), Umbelliferae (20 diseases in 10 crop plants), Chenopodiaceae/Amaranthaceae (18 diseases in 4 crop plants), Alloideae (17 diseases in 4 crop plants), Malvaceae (4 diseases in Okra crop), Convolvulaceae (11 diseases in sweet potato crop), Poaceae (6 diseases in 2 crop plants), Araceae (2 diseases in 2 crop plants), Euphorbiaceae (9 diseases in cassava plantation), Leguminosae (65 diseases in 13 crops). In addion virus and viruslike diseases have been mentioned in Asparagus and plants used as vegetables/salad ( 18 diseases in 8 plants) and 6 diseases in papaya and 4 diseases in banana. Most of these diseases have virus aetiology but 26 diseases are caused by Phytoplasmas and a few like potato spindle tuber are associated with Viroids. Each disease and pathogen(s) associated with it have been comprehensively described in relation to their geographical distribution, economic importance, disease symptoms, transmission, vector(s), host range, indicator and assay hosts, nature and structure of associated pathogen, their genome organization, methods of detection and management. In total 109 colour plates ad 37 figures relevant to disease, in questions, have been put in the book. To manage these diseases methods like quarantine measures, eradication of infected plants and weed hosts, crop rotation and use of virus-free certified propagation material and use of pesticides to manage insects which are vector of viruses have been described in detail. Molecular breeding has been utilized to develop virus resistant plants for commercialization. The book entitled âVIRUS DISEASES OF VEGETABLE CROPS AND THEIR MANAGEMENTâ is aimed to describe vegetable crops diseases caused by viruses and allied pathogens will certainly be very helpful to the students and teachers of plant virology, plant pathology, horticulture and vegetable growers. It will also help to grow virus-free vegetable crops in developing countries.
The bookâ Primciples and practices of Seed Production of vegetable cropsâ, is a hard work of Senior Author, Dr. Shankar Lal and his associates. This document deals with eleven major chapters on general aspects , their development and categories, promotion of vegetable seed industries in the country. The detailed guidelines have been given for seed production and certification of various categories of seeds. The detailed information on 44 vegetables ( 3 solanaceous, 13 cucurbitaceous, 3 cole crops,, 4 root crops, 2 bulb crops, 6 legumes, 1 capsule,, 6 leafy crops,, 2 tuber crops, 3 rhizomes and corms and 1 salad crop) has been provided. For making informative, it has included 117 photographs, and 81 tables, mostly on improved varieties and hybrids. It has also provided list of vegetable Seed Certification Agencies, Seed Corporations and 25 top seed producing companies in the country. The special chapters on role of hybrids on vegetable production, Indian vegetable seed production- status and perspectives and intellectual property right. Have also been provided.
The book will be quite useful to students, teachers, researchers and extension workers. This will be useful guide to seed growers and seed industries in promoting their business through quaility seed
The book is first of its kind in India with an aim to document the current state of knowledge on Sweet, Tart/Sour and other allied minor cherry types growing in India. It compiles the traditional methods of cultivation, packages of improved practices recommended by SAUâs and production departments from time to time, research work done on different aspects under Indian conditions by various workers in one title.
The book has been designed to provide the basic information about this unique temperate fruit to fruit grower, students, scholars, traders, processing Industry, house- wives in totality. The author has extensively analyzed the scientific data available from different sources both India and abroad comprising reports, research papers and e references numbering 110 and presented in 22 chapters.
It covers origin and history, present status-global and National; economic importance-social, cultural, trade and environmental of cherry growing in temperate regions. A-Z information on planting,after-care,protection,production that include the modern approaches of High Density Plantation, processing and preservation,handling,nutritional and health benefits, recipes in a comprehensive manner.
Present day fruit culture in India has got to be internationally competitive, profitable and sustainable. The produce has to be of International quality, free from toxic residues. This book reasonably lays down the base line data available on the subject that is sure to meet the future needs of fruit growers, administrators and planners alike.
Aquaculture is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, and other aquatic organisms. Aquaculture involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater populations under controlled conditions, and can be contrasted with commercial fishing, which is the harvesting of wild fish. It is commonly known as aquafarming. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), aquaculture âis understood to mean the farming of aquatic organisms including fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants. Farming implies some form of intervention in the rearing process to enhance production, such as regular stocking, feeding, protection from predators, etc. Farming also implies individual or corporate ownership of the stock being cultivated.â
To come up with new research trends in fisheries we have designed a book- CONTEMPORARY TRENDS IN FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE. The 28 chapters of this book are a serious work done by researchers, scientists in the field of fisheries and aquaculture. The book covered a wide spectrum of subject related topics such as distribution of aquaculture organisms in world, fishes migration, habitat ecology of crabs, aqua plants and their medical importance.
Some chapters deals with various concepts of aquaculture organisms such as probiotics use in aquaculture, zooplanktons abundance, reproductive system, circulatory system, effects of some harmone on aquaculture organisms and parasites that invade aquaculture organisms. The contributed authors have also worked on serious environmental issues such as assessment of drinking water, microbial quality of fishes, status of fish diseases, and effects of physico-chemical parameters of river regulation etc.
The proceedings of this book describe an attempt for interaction by the juxtaposition of researchers in aquaculture that provided an opportunity for presentations, discussion, and interaction of mutual benefit to the readers.
It is hoped that the book- CONTEMPORARY TRENDS IN FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE accompany recommendations on future work and research priorities with a modest but useful steps toward supporting the safe and sustainable expansion of aquaculture in developing countries. Much more research is needed and this will require an increased commitment of resources.
We are thankful to all the authors and other contributors for giving their valuable time and data. They are responsible for the work presented in the paper and if any plagiarism question arises they are answerable. The 1st author or corresponded author has to take responsibility. The editiors are not responsible for above issues. We are thankful to ISCA, Kolkata, ISCA President, General Secretaries , ISCA Executive Committee Members, and office bearers of the Indian Science Congress held at Manipur University, Imphal, Manipur from March 16 to 20, 2018 for encouraging us to hold symposium with focal themes, âREACHING THE UNRECAHEDâ. We extend our sincere thanks to all contributors who have contributed their articles for publications in these proceedings.
This book will be very useful for researchers, scientists, students and all such entrepreneurs who are working in the field of public health.
The proportion of âReachedâ to âUnreachedâ tilts heavily towards the latter in our country. In spite of the fact that we have achieved great strides of innovativeness in space, digital and agricultural technology, the population under the poverty line is still alarmingly high. There are plans and programms designed and launched to promote inclusive development. Obviously the effort is not adequate. Abdul Kalamâs dream of PURA is still unfulfilled. It is time we rise to the occasion.
The book that is being conceived to be brought out addresses the issue to usher in sustainable development for the wellbeing of the society both urban and rural through application of advances in Life Sciences, Animal, Veterinary and Fisheries sciences in particular.
The editors need to be complimented for putting together a bunch of articles in diverse fields of life sciences with a common goal of health of the society. The articles ranging from antimicrobials, antivirals, fish and dairy management, rodent control, mosquito control, biodiversity including invasive alien species and their impact.
The book is good for teachers, researchers and students equally. The whole effort supports the concept of unity in Diversity.
The article on obesity in students is a warning bell to youth to think in terms of yoga and other health practices in order to be able to live up to the adage âHealthy body houses a Healthy mindâ.