Environmental toxicants, man-made or natural is ever increasing. It gets mixed with the environment which has resulted in devastating effect on humans, wildlife and whole ecosystem. The effect on human health is major concern as it causes loss of economy at a larger scale. The science and its further research progress towards finding the best possible ways to take care of the disturbing effect of the toxicants. The use of modern molecular approach had given us the insight of the mechanism may be involved in clearing the idea of disease and their function. The papers presented focused onto the damage that may be caused due to toxic chemicals and its amelioration by the use of safe and effective plant products. The use of herbal products has been a boon to Indian culture since ages. The studies of use of extracts of medicinal plants gave us the understandings that the results are surprising and are true and proved that herbal medicine and other forms of alternative medicine are becoming a new popular way of staying healthy. However, the recent stretch of science and technology has gifted us to think in the direction to the use of nanotechnology as the modern concept of disease prevention and control. The edited papers in this book will be highly beneficial to the budding researchers as well as teachers in the revalent fields.
From tiny microorganisms, insects to wild and domesticated ones, man has coexisted with animals and has been greatly influenced by them. This led to genesis of extensive research on wider areas of animal science to get a better understanding of animals to yield better services for man and vice versa. Unfortunately, today many implications have emerged from this man â€“ animal coexistence which includes poaching, habitat destruction, acceleration in zoonotic diseases, parasitic infections, decline in animal biodiversity and loss of gene pool. The chief focus of animal studies today is to conserve there biodiversity and preserve them for the progeny. The present book entitled â€śRecent developments in Veterinary and Zoological Sciences â€ś is a constellation of research work on diverse fields of animal research such as Veterinary sciences, Entomology, Parasitology and Wildlife.
We hope that the research articles anthologized in these proceedings of ISCA 2019 will be of immense help to the young and dynamic researchers in extensive areas of Veterinary sciences, Entomolgy, Parasitology and Wildlife ecology
The aquatic ecosystems such as lakes, ponds, rivers, wetlands, reservoirs, estuaries and oceans along with their disparate flora and fauna form a splendid synthesis of a unique life. They together are instrumental in sustaining the life on earth. Their role in regulating the biosphere cannot be disregarded. The abundance and variety of life in the various aquatic habitats enriches the biodiversity in general and looks after the well being of life residing on land in particular. Water is without doubt the elixir of life but with the inevitable anthropogenic influence, it is undergoing depletion and deterioration. The aquatic biodiversity is very crucial in providing us the food, atmospheric oxygen, running the biogeochemical cycles, redeemer in food shortage and protection against the global climate change. The research articles, reviews and case studies on the plankton, benthos, fish reproductive physiology, seasonal variations, water quality, sediment quality, abiotic parameters presented in these ISCA proceedings 2019 focuses on the qualitative and quantitative maintenance of not only the aquatic ecosystems but also the indispensable animal and plant life residing in it. Conserving and maintaining our aquatic ecosystems will go a long way in not only providing us the food, clean water, jobs, economy and tourism enhancement but also save us from climate change, floods, earthquakes and other cataclysms. The collection of edited papers in this book will be of immense value to the young researchers in particular and academicians, science enthusiasts and student community in general.
Fishes are the most abundant vertebrate on earth. They are one of the most ancient, diverse and unique fauna. Not only are they a great source of income generation and economic returns but also a delicious food option having good protein value. They are very sensitive to any changes in the habitat and reflect it back. Global quandaries of the world include climate change and pollution and the fishes are no less affected. The bearings of stress on fish make it an effective tool for pollution and biomonitoring studies. How the fishes respond to stressors is critically variable and requires exhaustive experimental research at physiological and molecular level. Molecular biological research and study of stress physiology in fishes is gaining a quick momentum in light of unabated population ebullition. Fishes can thrive in diverse habitats and extreme climatic regime. Proper fish management at commercial level requires that the stress physiology of fish be fathomed and fish genetics be comprehended. These areas of research make us visualize the improvement of fish genes which will consequently improve the fish quality as food. In order to feed millions, man has to depend upon fishes as alternate source of food and therefore, fishery biologists are focusing their thrust area of research in these fields.
We hope that the research articles deliberated in these ISCA 2019 proceedings will be of immense interest to the fishery biologists, molecular biologists, geneticists, aquaculturists and last but not the least, young and dynamic researchers and fish enthusiasts.
Biological Control of Crop Diseases: Recent Advances and Perspectives Part: 1 Horticultural Crops, Part 2: Cereals, Pulses, Oil seeds and other corps presents up-to-date research findings on crop disease management to provide with a single-source reference text for developing a sustainable ecosystem that doesn't depend on harmful and unhealthy agrochemicals. The Comprehensive research articles in this book represents the key subjects covered by invited authors. This unique book presnets fresh ideas and innovative strategies for finding meaningful solutions to the problems of disease control and provides an excellent source of currently used bioconrol agents (BCA) for Management of major corp diseases and their potential use in agricultural crop production in India. It is an invaluable reference resource for academics and extension scientists working the area of crop protection
Plant diseases are one of the major biotic factors, which destroy around 10-20% of crop produce during pre and post-harvest stages. Farmers apply high doses of pesticides to control pests and diseases, but the treatments often fail to give an economic return because of late application and/or poor quality of the pesticide. This situation warrants evolving appropriate plant protection strategies so as to minimize pesticide input in agriculture, and to make the plant protection strategies economical and ecofriendly. In this direction, bio-intensive approaches may work as an effective and alternate option to chemical pesticides, and may offer economical and sustainable solutions of plant disease problems. The book, â€śBio-intensive approaches: application and effectiveness in plant diseases managementâ€ť presents elaborated and updated information on non-chemical and integrated methods of pests and plant disease management. The volume embodies 25 chapters covering major diseases of agriculturally important crops, highlighting the application and effectiveness of bio-intensive methods of their management, especially biological and cultural methods as well as the biotechnological and nano-technological tools. The present book shall serve as an important reference source and would provide field orientated and detailed information, highly useful to students, scientists, faculties, entrepreneurs, industrialists, planners and others intend to devise and develop bio-intensive modules for management of diseases in food and medicinal crops.