The knowledge of plant systematics is useful in understanding flora at fundamental taxonomic, structural, functional and metabolic level since it gives a comprehensive and complete information based on biological classification of plants. Each plant is assigned a proper position in the hierarchy of flora, with checkpoints and filters to store useful information and keep some in storage.
Plant improvisation in terms of modifications or introduction of altogether new features can be done using modern biotechnological techniques based on tissue culture, molecular biology, enzymology, fermentation, plant breeding and genetics, microbiology etc. for improved plant growth, better adaptation and survival, crop yield in terms of improved disease and climate change resistance etc., converting plant bioresources into dynamic bioreactors which can become sources of useful metabolites, compounds, drugs, enzymes, vaccines etc. In addition new hybrid varieties with improved features can be developed after focusing upon plant species amenable to genetic manipulation. Large information thus generated can be interpreted through predictive-modeling studies and bio-informatic tools can be utilized for analyzing data generated spatially and temporally over the years.
The UGC and BCST sponsored National Conference held during November 28-30, 2017 at P. G. Department of Biotechnology, T. M. Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur has focused on urgent issues related to historical prospective, challenges and opportunities, methods in restoring the validity, recent advances and future prospects of research in plant systematics and biotechnology have been compiled in the present form of the Proceedings. Each paper has been written in lucid scientific manner, following guidelines of standard research journals with adequate number of tables, figures, graphs and latest references. Development of transgenic plants, emerging technologies for crop improvement and statistical computing in bio-statistics with SPSS have been discussed in detail.
The present book will prove useful to the research scholars and scientists of the various disciplinces in their ongoing research activities.
The term biotechnology was used for the first time by Karl Erkey, a Hungarian Engineer in 1919. Although biotechnology has been an integral part of ancient civilizations as per records, it has evolved into a comprehensive yet elaborate, extensive yet precise and indispensible subject for research being rooted and connected to all basic areas of life sciences in terms of research and analysis.
Biotechnology is based on use of biological agents, systems and mechanisms for generation of useful products and services by application of tools and techniques for overall benefit to mankind. It encompasses the intricacies of all branches of life science amalgamating them with broad research areas of environment, agriculture, pollution, drugs and pharmaceuticals, vaccines, detailed structure of bio-molecules and their functions.
An altogether new era has dawned upon biotechnology, as a result of which it has endowed and empowered us with novel, modified and improved products. These products have become a source of economic upliftment and development, which are also proved to be foundation stones for industries and capital generation. We are living in the age of genomics which has further evolved into proteomics, metabolomics, metagenomics etc. and new branches based on application of software programmes for data research, analysis and interpretation- bioinformatics and biostatistics.
Biotechnology thus offers a plethora of opportunities and avenues to people who wish to pursue their career in biotechnology. Keeping this in view, the present book was planned and designed as a source of crisp, concise and complete information under one roof. We hope that the students preparing for different competitive exams find this book helpful and informative for achieving their goal. A sincere effort has been made to present information in short answer type format and multiple choice question format so as to cover the basics, finer points, critical nuggets of information and contemporary news as well. We hope to further such academic endeavors in future and hope for a good response.
he book entitled Librarianship in New Millennium is intended for the LIS fraternity working in various libraries and information centres whether special, academic or public. The papers published in the book have been contributed by the professionals working in different organizations. The quality papers have been included in the publication demonstrating various key issues of librarianship like institutional repositories, innovative services in libraries, MOOCs, information commons, human resource management, changing role of library professionals and digital rights management & IPR with the purpose of solving the problems of practicing library and information science professionals. We, as editors, hope this book will go a long way in helping the LIS fraternity in finding out the solutions and new ideas to improve the quality in librarianship with the help of ICT and add a new dimension to LIS literature.
The book entitled New Horizons of Librarianship in Knowledge Society is intended for the LIS fraternity working in various libraries and information centres whether special, academic or public. The papers published in the book have been contributed by the professionals working in different organizations in India and other countries like Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. The quality papers have been included in the publication demonstrating various key issues of librarianship like big data issues and challenges, bibliographic standards, institutional repositories, information service, performance appraisal, techno-stress management, challenges of professional ethics in ICT environment, e-books, indigenous knowledge, RFID technology, open source software, knowledge management, library marketing, user studies, networking devices and technologies and other burning issues with the purpose of solving the problems of practicing library and information science professionals. We, as editors, hope this book will go a long way in helping the LIS fraternity in finding out the solutions and new ideas to improve the quality in librarianship with the help of ICT and add a new dimension to LIS literature.
~ Spices in Sanskrit Litrature ~ Vedic Window to Europe ~ Spices in Ayurvedic Literature ~ Introduction to investigation ~ Spices as Drugs: State of Art ~ Materials of Methods ~ Results ~ Discussion ~ Summary and Conclusion cultivation of spices ~ Discoveries, human behaviour and food for health ~ Literature Cites ~ Appendix ~ Index
The book deals with the core area of business ethics. The book elucidates the topics in a free flowing language in order to enable students understanding. This book is directed at Post Graduate students of Commerce and Management. Besides, it can be used by the students of other professional courses and by practising managers alike. The book has few cases which deals with business and financial ethics
Natural resources are depleting at alarming rates because of their irrational use pattern. Although, utilization of resources is an intrinsic component of the process of development yet, over exploitation of natural resources has led to environmental degradation and change in pattern of rural economy. Rural communities, in particular, are greatly affected by the increasing use of natural resources. To many of them, development is about livelihood and survival rather than increasing productivity and accumulation of wealth. Management of natural resources seems to be the only way forward to sustain the livability of rural communities. It also requires collaborative works from various stakeholders as the use and un-use of natural resources depend upon a number of factors including historical, political, economic, social and cultural. Through the substantial holistic approach and concrete framework for policy research could be conceptualized, planned and implemented.
The book contains 109 chapters which are published in three volumes. The first volume is devoted to the theme, â€˜natural resources use pattern, management and policy perspectivesâ€™ in which 22 chapters are incorporated. The second volume contains 37 chapters and the theme is â€˜agriculture and livelihood sustainabilityâ€™. The third volume has three sections; the first one is â€˜climate changeâ€™ with nine chapters. It is followed by the second section â€˜population and socio-economic developmentâ€™ which also contains nine chapters. The last section is interdisciplinary in nature in which 32 chapters are incorporated. The whole book comprises chapters from different disciplines such as Earth Sciences, Biological Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Social Sciences and Medical Sciences and thus the authors of proceedingsâ€™ chapters are divers in nature and they contributed chapters from different respective fields.
1.Overview on processing and utilization of palms and cocoa 2.Processing and value addition technologies of tender coconut 3.Processing and value addition technologies of mature coconuts 4. Kalparasa (Coconut inflorescence sap) and its value addition 5.Processing and value addition of arecanut 6.Processing of cocoa and its value addition 7.By product utilization of coconut, arecanut and cocoa processing
8.Biochemical and quality standards in processing and value addition of coconut, arecanut and cocoa 9.Economic and marketing aspects of product diversification and value chain up-gradation in the coconut sector
10.Post harvest technology of palmyrah
(Borassus flabellifer L)
In this monogram 23 grain legumes have been described which are grown in different parts of India. Of these, nine are major ones Viz. Chickpea, Pigeon pea , Urd bean, Mung bean, Horse gram, Moth bean, Grass pea, Lentils and Field pea. There are fourteen more grain legumes Viz., cowpea, cluster bean, hyacinth bean, jack bean, broad bean jombi pea, Rajmash, broad bean, lima bean, rice bean winged bean, velvet bean, adzuki bean and Pillipesara which are grown sporadically for special purpose (gain, Vegetate, fodder industrial and medicinal. Two grain legumes (soybean and groundnut) have not been included in this monogram as they are basically oilseed crops.
The first chapter on introduction is comprised of importance of Pulses and their status in the world, cheap source of quality protein, infrastructure of research on Pulses in India and history of creation of Indian institute of Pulses research. Second chapter described the role of rhizobium in pulses production and there are two more aspects (biochemistry of nitrogen fixation, assessment of nitrogen fixation). The third chapter covered the pulses production scenario in India and its status in the world.
Fourth chapter described each pulse in respect of origin, area, adaptation, production, botanical description, genetics and inheritance and varietal development. Crop production technology of each Pulse have been dealts with in respect of properties of land, sowing time, seed rate, spacing, harvesting and threshing along with water, weed and nutrient requirement and disease and insect pest management.
The fifth chapter deals with seed production in respect of nucleus, breeder, foundation and certified seeds and GOIâ€™s initiatives for increasing the seed production by creating seed hubs in the country, the future seed requirement has also been projected. In the sixth chapter, opportunities of pulses production for nutritional security and sustainability of crop production have been narrated. The constraints in pulses production have been described in the seventh chapter.
In the eight chapter the measures for increasing production of pulses through productivity enhancement and area expansion have been suggested. The details of the activity of national food security mission on pulses launched by GOI for enhancing the pulses, production and the necessary measures have been discussed in chapter nine.