Toxicology is a discipline involved adverse effects of chemical susbstances on living organisms, dose of chemical substances and its effect on exposed organisms. With rapid growth in industrialization, urbanization, pesticides usage in irrigation resulted in environmental pollution (air , water, soil pollution).
Due to this, mainly water bodies get contaminated as they receives the effluents from industries, domestic waste, agricultural runoff which directly effects the aquatic organisms. The material in this book brings together all the information on comparative, seasonal estimation of heavy metals and its effects on the aquatic organisms, toxicological studies of detergents on cat fish, ammonia toxicity, effect of medicinal plants against dengue fever vector, natural insecticides influences of organic waste on metabolic activity of aquatic organisms and bioremedial studies.
We are thankful to all the authors and other contributors for giving their valuable time and data. They are responsible for the work presented in the paper and if any plagiarism question arises they are answerable. The 1st author or corresponded author has to take responsibility. The editiors are not responsible for above issues. We are thankful to ISCA, Kolkata, ISCA President, General Secretaries , ISCA Executive Committee Members, and office bearers of the Indian Science Congress held at Manipur University, Imphal, Manipur from March 16 to 20, 2018 for encouraging us to hold symposium with focal themes, â€śREACHING THE UNRECAHEDâ€ť. We extend our sincere thanks to all contributors who have contributed their articles for publications in these proceedings.
This book will be very useful for researchers, scientists, students and all such entrepreneurs who are working in the field of public health.
* Introduces historical accounts of rinderpest and PPR and foundation of veterinary profession
* Provides a comprehensive insight on molecular biology of PPR virus, including virus structure, viral genome and its replication
* Provides accounts of all the major PPR outbreaks in India after its introduction in 1994
* Illustrating immune response to PPRV infection and cross protection among morbilliviruses
* Describes systems virology, viroinformatics and virus-host interactions
* Provides a comprehensive overview of PPRV pathogenesis/pathology with several illustrations
* Discusses the traditional control measure as well as recent developments in PPR vaccine
* Addresses various PPR control programs initiated by OIE/FAO at regional and global levels to eradicate the disease by 2030
* Provides a comprehensive overview of various diagnostic methods
Food is one of the fewest things that man must need for survival. At the beginning of our civilization, man only needed food that can help him to survive. But with advancing ages and development of civilization, man has also improved his fooding habits substantially. Previously food was just for survival but now food has got several newer dimensions. Food is not only for satire of stomach or getting energy, but is also for nutritional aspects. With the development of civilization, some new aspects like food taste, food quality, food safety, food microbiology, food nutrient content, food dynamics, etc have appeared. Researches on these divisions have shown an upsurge. Since the beginning of 20th centuries, enormous amount of research work is going on worldwide which are related to food and food improvements. Man cannot live without food and hence it would keep on updating its perception and quality. Research and innovations related to food would keep on going and hence the book would prove to be the best input for academicians and researchers related to food science and allied sectors.
After thorough discussions and planning, the editorial team came to a conclusion to form an edited type book consisting of diverse aspects related to food and newer concepts and trends related to the topic. The book contains 38 chapters which are contributed by scientists, researchers, scholars from biggest institutes all over the globe. The book contains chapters with recent thrust and future prospects related to Food and allied researches. With this vision the book entitled â€śTrends & Prospects in Food technology, processing and preservationâ€ť is designed. Hopefully, the book would prove out to be the very useful for not only finding recent research ideas but also the latest topic on which research emphasis can be done.
This Anthology of poem is typically Indian poetry in English. The idea, concept, including the locale and the landscape, all are Indians in these poems. Only the poems are written English. Since the time of the growth of Indian Nationalism after the British colonization in India, English in India enjoyed a special status. English was the medium of teaching and learning at all levels of education. Even after the decolonization of India in 1947, the Indian constitution grants the status of English in our country as â€śAn Associate Official Language of Indiaâ€ť. Indeed a particular variety of British Standard English is one of the Indian languages. The undeniable fact is that English has integrated various regions of the country with all their cultural, linguistic, religious and ethnic diversities into one India. Thus English is the Soul of Modern India. Indian Poetry in English does not mean any regional poetry written either in Hindi or Bengali or Tamil or any other regional languages. Indian Poetry in English is national in character. The last four poems are on aggressively friendly Nature of Kearney, Nebraska, the place in the mid-west of the U.S.A. where I have been for the last two months with my daughter and her family. The feeling of the poems in this anthology is the feelings of neither Indians nor Americans and English men. The feeling is also the universal feeling of Mankind. And English may be the comfortable medium of that universal feeling of men of all races, casts, creeds and religions.
Over the years there has been an increasing trend in the production of horticultural crops in the national scenario. During 2015-16 the food grains and horticultural production has been recorded as 269 and 283 MT respectively. Further, there has also been an increase in the area and production of fruit crops from 2001 to 2015 (4.01 to 7.21 million ha and 43.00 to 88.97 million tonnes respectively). This shows the positive outcome of emphasis given to horticulture growth and development in the last two plan period. The contribution of the north eastern states in the horticultural cropped area and production at the national level is about 8.45% and 5.24% respectively (Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, 2014-15). Horticulture has provided a viable alternative for diversification of agricultural land use, employment generation and for ensuring food, nutritional and livelihood security.The north eastern region of India comprising the states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim has vast bio-diversity and is home to a unique but fragile ecology. The geo-climatic situation in the region offers excellent scope for growing different horticultural crops including fruits, vegetables, spices, plantation crops, medicinal and aromatic plants. These states have been producing many such crops, which have very high potential for supplying to the export markets in fresh and processed forms. However due to the various problems such as lack of transport, infrastructure, poor connectivity and lack of awareness etc., the potential of these crops have not been explored satisfactorily. In order to bring about an understanding and to attempt connecting the missing links in the horticulture development in holistic manner, the National Seminar under the broad theme â€śSustainable Horticulture vis-a-vis Changing Environmentâ€ť was organised by the Horticultural Society of North East India during 26-28 February 2015. This Society was established on 24th May 2004 with the base at Department of Horticulture, School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development, Nagaland University, Medziphema, Nagaland. The need for such a society was felt to harness the vast potential of the unique flora of north eastern region and to encourage various areas of research studies in the process of human resource development. Over the years the society members have been actively involved in several extension activities such as Kheti Mela, Kisan Goshti and has also conducted several hands-on training for the farmers, imparting the agricultural and horticultural technology garnered from the research works carried out in the School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development Nagaland University, Medziphema Campus. The society also aims to be a repository of the immense knowledge gained over time from all over so that they are fruitfully disseminated to the people of this region especially the farmers who form the backbone of the society.
This book is a compedium of the lead papers and research papers presented during the National Seminar by eminent scientists covering wide area of topics pertaining to horticulture under the changing environment. To merit publication of this book, topics on emerging issues on horticulture technology have been added by members of the society who have had over fifteen years of experience in the field under the typical growing conditions of the north eastern hill region of India. The ethnic communities of the region still maintains a greatly evolved traditional system of cultivation.
Such preservation and utilization of traditional knowledge is important to mitigate the vagaries caused by changing climate which we are now experiencing in recent times. This is being taken into consideration in various experiments carried out in the region. The scientific information and the blending of traditional knowledge of local people especially the farmers need proper documentation for posterity and use such indigenous knowledge and technology to mitigate problems of environmental upheavals in the field of agriculture. Soil sustainability is important in any production systems. Focus has been given in the organic cultivation of crops which is viable in this region as the use of chemicals is meagre. Emphasis in research therefore is given on the organic production of horticultural crops and the results thereof has been recorded in this publication.
Recent Approaches for Management of Plant Diseases encompasses the coordinated interaction between plant and microbes, disease development and provide deeper knowledge on detection of pathogens and management strategies developed for fungal, bacterial, nematode and viral diseases of economically important cereals, pulses, oilseeds, medicinal and aromatic plants as well as plantation crops, a vital resources for researchers and students of plant protection.
This book â€śProduct diversification in plantation cropsâ€ť is an effort to bring out the current and emerging developments on processing, value addition and product diversification aspects of plantation crops that will certainly be helpful in planning the research and development programmes in these areas. This book would be highly useful to students, researchers, officials from developmental agencies, extension personnel, farmers, food processing engineers and technologists, plantation consultants, entrepreneurs and other stakeholders
*Diseases of rose and their management *Diseases of jasmine and their management *Diseases of tuberose and their management *Diseases of crossandra and their management *Diseases of gladiolus and their management *Diseases of gerbera and their management *Diseases of carnation and their management *Diseases of orchids and their management *Diseases of marigold and their management *Diseases of chrysanthemum and their management *Diseases of lilium and their management *Diseases of geranium and their management *Diseases of anthurium and their management *Diseases of china aster and their management *Nematode diseases of ornamental crops *Diseases of hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) and gailardia sp. and their management *Index
The Agricultural Scientists are compelled to search the full form of abbreviations used in different areas of work/study. In order to help them, the Compendium comprised of 2541 abbreviations in as many as 36 subjects in agriculture has been drafted giving their full forms. This will save their time and labour in searching the full forms from different books available in libraries. The number of abbreviations will grow with the advancement in agricultural technology in the next edition.
Animal physiology is the study of the internal physical and chemical functions of animals. Professionals in this field may explore the makeup of animals, including their genetics, behaviours and their biological structure. A degree in animal physiology can lead to opportunities in a wide variety of areas, including fisheries, veterinary sciences and pharmaceutical research. This book entitled â€śAnimal Physiologyâ€ť consists of 25 chapters. The chapters are mainly focused on the physiological changes in the animals when exposed to toxicants, drugs, phytochemicals, etc., The authors have put an effort to explain each and every point of respective studies. This book has been brought to the society, keeping in mind students of graduate and post graduate, research scholars and teaching faculty.