¬® Surveillance And Monitoring Of Animal Diseases: National Perspective ¬® Research Intelligence In Animal Disease Epidemiology ¬® Collection And Despatch Of Clinical Samples For Laboratory Diagnosis Of Animal Diseases ¬® Serum Bank ‚Äď Uitilities And Requirements ¬® Sampling Technique ¬® Sampling Frames ¬® Approaches For Recording Of Disease Outbreakss ¬® Glossary In Epidemiology ¬® Livestock Disease Outbreak Investigation ¬® Disease Informatics ‚Äď Risk Factors, Modeling And Analysis ¬® Measuring Economic Losses Due To Diseases In Livestock And Poultry‚Äď An Overview ¬® Zoonoses At The Human-Animal Interface ¬® International Disease Surveillance And Networking For Emerging Infectious Diseases/Zoonoses ¬® Economic Impact Of Foot-And-Mouth Disease In India ¬® Geographical Information Systems: Concepts ¬® Approaches For Reporting Of Major Haemoprotozoan Diseases Of Domestic Ruminants For Surveillance ¬® Economic Analysis Modules For Animal Disease Impact Assessment ¬® Role Of Vectors In Vector Borne Diseases ¬® Case Studies On Vector Borne Zoonotic Diseases ¬® Animal Disease Information System With Special Reference To Tadinfo
Animal physiology is the study of the internal physical and chemical functions of animals. Professionals in this field may explore the makeup of animals, including their genetics, behaviours and their biological structure. A degree in animal physiology can lead to opportunities in a wide variety of areas, including fisheries, veterinary sciences and pharmaceutical research. This book entitled ‚ÄúAnimal Physiology‚ÄĚ consists of 25 chapters. The chapters are mainly focused on the physiological changes in the animals when exposed to toxicants, drugs, phytochemicals, etc., The authors have put an effort to explain each and every point of respective studies. This book has been brought to the society, keeping in mind students of graduate and post graduate, research scholars and teaching faculty.
On the auspicious occasion of Indian Science Congress 16 to 20 March 2018, we are pleased and privileged to dedicate this book to the endeavors of biodiversity Governance of India.
As we all know India is very rich in biodiversity however unsustainable harvesting and illegal exploitation of large number of highly precious plants in India has raised a serious issue on the existence of hundreds of endemic plants and animals. Literally hundreds of books, articles, and reports were written and scores of symposia, workshops, meeting and seminars were organized to publicize the fact that the Earth‚Äôs biological diversity was decreasing. Locally and internationally financed programs to conserve biodiversity were implemented. To promise these new efforts, however is tempered by the reality of the situation. The successes and failure of conservation efforts over the last decade have demonstrated that the erosion of biological diversity can be stopped only through novel and complex mixtures of economic, social and political actions based on a sound knowledge of ecosystems, including the role of the people who live there. Although we know a great deal about the causes of biodiversity lose, we are only beginning to understand how to formulate development strategies that are based on and simultaneously conserve biological diversity. Most people want to protect wild life and natural resources but do not know how best to act. At the same time there is a great urgency to act.
We are thankful to all the authors and other contributors for giving their valuable time and data. They are responsible for the work presented in the paper and if any plagiarism question arises they are answerable. The 1st author or corresponded author has to take responsibility. The editors are not responsible for above issues. We are thankful to ISCA, Kolkata, ISCA President, General Secretaries , ISCA Executive Committee Members, and office bearers of the Indian Science Congress held at Manipur University, Imphal, Manipur from March 16 to 20, 2018 for encouraging us to hold symposium with focal themes, ‚ÄúREACHING THE UNRECAHED‚ÄĚ. We extend our sincere thanks to all contributors who have contributed their articles for publications in these proceedings.
This book will be very useful for researchers, scientists, students and all such entrepreneurs who are working in the field of public health.
Sahiwal is one of the important breeds of India known for its superiority in milk production and other inherent abilities. However, due to indiscriminate crossbreeding, the population of this valuable germplasm has declined over years in India. Presently, efforts are being made extensively to increase its population size besides improving its genetic potential. Since the breeding strategy for genetic improvement of any breed requires the fair understanding of the genetic and phenotypic parameters and also its genetic worth for milk production, it becomes imperative to conduct scientific study on these aspects. The book on ‚ÄúGenetic Evaluation of Sahiwal Cattle‚ÄĚ is a compilation of the research work carried out on this breed of cattle maintained at the Cattle Yard of NDRI, Karnal for more than 60 years covering the different areas of Animal Breeding. The book covers the research findings of almost all the areas of animal breeding viz., sex ratio, body weights and growth rates, milk production, reproduction, lactation curve modelling, stayability and genetic evaluation of Sahiwal cows and sires. It contains the results of most of the research work conducted by the postgraduate and doctoral students of Dairy Cattle Breeding Division of NDRI, Karnal under the Chairmanship of the first author. As this book will provide the overall information on the Sahiwal cattle, it will serve as a useful ready reckoner for students, researchers and other stakeholders.
¬® Pig Production Scenario in India ¬® Breeds of Pig ¬® Behaviour and Welfare in Pig ¬® Breeding Strategies for Pig ¬® Crossbreeding/Upgrading of Indigenous Pigs ¬® Managemental Options for Profitable Pig Production ¬® General Management of Pig Farm ¬® Housing Management of Pig ¬® Resource Based Feeding Systems for Pig ¬® Locally Available Feeds for Pig Production ¬® Role of Minerals and Probiotics in Animal Production ¬® Analysis of Feed for Nutrients and Toxins ¬® Anti-Nutritional Factors in Swine Feeds ¬® Breeding Management and Fertility Optimization in Gilts and Sows ¬® Management of Breeding Boars ¬® Preservation of Boar Semen for Artificial Insemination ¬® Synchronization of Oestrus and Artificial Insemination in Pig ¬® Advanced Techniques for Assessing Fertility of Boar Semen ¬® Infectious Diseases of Pigs and Their Management ¬® Parasitic Diseases of Pig ¬® Skin Diseases of Pig ¬® Classical Swine Fever ¬® Management of Piglet Diarrhoea ¬® Management of Piglet Mortality ¬® Emerging Zoonotic Diseases in Pig ¬® Transmission of Zoonotic Diseases in Integrated Pig cum Fish Farming ¬® Integrated Farming Approach for Sustainable Pig Production ¬® Molecular Characterization and Conservation of Indigenous Pigs ¬® Molecular Techniques for Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases of Pig ¬® Concept of Biostatistics for Designing of Experiment in Pig Research ¬® Methods of Pork Processing for Value Addition ¬® Pig Slaughter House ‚Äď Basic Concepts ¬® Hygienic Pig Slaughter and Processing ¬® Pork - The Pig Meat ¬® Practicing Organic Livestock Farming in India ¬® Manure Handling Options and Composting of Pig Waste ¬® Economics of Pig Production and Bankable Projects ¬® Techno-Economic Feasibility in Preparing a Project for Financing Livestock Farming
Environmental toxicants, man-made or natural is ever increasing. It gets mixed with the environment which has resulted in devastating effect on humans, wildlife and whole ecosystem. The effect on human health is major concern as it causes loss of economy at a larger scale. The science and its further research progress towards finding the best possible ways to take care of the disturbing effect of the toxicants. The use of modern molecular approach had given us the insight of the mechanism may be involved in clearing the idea of disease and their function. The papers presented focused onto the damage that may be caused due to toxic chemicals and its amelioration by the use of safe and effective plant products. The use of herbal products has been a boon to Indian culture since ages. The studies of use of extracts of medicinal plants gave us the understandings that the results are surprising and are true and proved that herbal medicine and other forms of alternative medicine are becoming a new popular way of staying healthy. However, the recent stretch of science and technology has gifted us to think in the direction to the use of nanotechnology as the modern concept of disease prevention and control. The edited papers in this book will be highly beneficial to the budding researchers as well as teachers in the revalent fields.
¬® Theory of Atomic and Molecular Orbitals ¬® Molecular Orbital Theory ¬® Linear Combination of Atomic Orbitals and Valence Bond Theory ¬® Resonance Structures ¬® Sigma Bonds and Pi Bonds ¬® Electrovalent Bond ¬® Covalent Bond ¬® Van Der Waals Force and Metallic Bond ¬® Molecular Geometry and Shape of Orbitals ¬® Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals and Vsepr Theory ¬® Protein Folding ¬® Protein Denaturation ¬® Molecular Chaperones ¬® Molecular Forces in Relation to Protein Structure ¬® Helices And Turns ¬® Protein ‚Äď Protein Interactions ¬® Protein-Dna Interaction ¬® Dna-Drug Interactions, Metalloproteins and Protein - Ligand Interactions ¬® Interaction of Protein With Lipids and Carbohydrates ¬® Pi‚Ä¶Pi Interaction and C-H‚Ä¶.Pi Interaction ¬® Ultraviolet-Visible Spectroscopy ¬® Infrared Spectroscopy ¬® Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy ¬® Circular Dichroism Spectroscopy