Contents: Foreword, note by editors, Speeches delivered at the presentation,An appreciation,On certain aspects of the study of the structure and development of the earth's crust and the upper mantle,Submarine ridges as a key to the pattern of the motion of continents since triassic time, Continental accretion and the evolution of North America, Epeirogeny, The geological map- an historical essay,Thoughts about an expanding globe,Polar wandering or continental drif? Island arcs with special reference to s.E. Asia (reprinted),The structure of India (reprinted),Elements in the classification of the late glacial quaternary of mid Western North America,On some anomalous bouguer gravity anomalies in India, Hidden ridges in the indo-gangetic plains, Recent studeies on elastic properties of some Indian rocks, Seismic wave velocity measurement (Ultrasonic) i boring cores from volcano Mihera-yama, Oshima,Japan,Use of broad, regional magnetic anomalies i studies of the deep crust, The chemical history of the earth, Aluminian augite and bronzite in alkali olivine basalt from takasima, North Kyusyu,Japan,Manganese oxide minerals VIII hollandite,Distribution of MNO between co-existing llmenite and magnetite,Recent studies on the phase equilibrium relation of manganese minerals and their implications on the mineralogenetic trend of natural ore deposits, Studies of the lithium contents of Indian rocks and minerals, Manganapatite from tirodi,Balaghat district,The swedish kimberlites and a comparison with some South African and Russian rocks,Rodingitic assemblages in fetlar,shetland Islands,Scotland,A pyroxene granulite from Hittero,Southwest Norway,A comparative survey of four tholeiitic magma provinces,Petrochemistry and petrogenesis of the British tertiary igneous province,Structural and stratigraphic environment of granitic plutons in esmeralda county,nevada,On the classification and correlation of the ancient schistose formation of peninsular India- a review,Studies on the areal composition variations in the Bahalda road Granodiorite, Mayurbhanj,Petrochemistry of the lavas of pavagad hill, gujarat,Garnets and metamorphism,Criteria based on textual features to infer replacement origin of plutonic rocks with special reference to the sequence hornblendeplagioclase-potash feldspar,Metallogenic provinces,The amba dongar fluorspar deposit: a unique example of mineralisation related to deccan volcanism,Non ferrous metals trends, The origin of the bauxite deposits of Gujarat,India, Origin of the heavy mineral beach sand deposits of the Southwest coast of India,Growing use of minerals,Somes aspects of recent palaeobotanical research in India- a geologist's review.
Contents: List of figures,Cenozoic climatic changes in Kashmir,Magnetic stratigraphy of the karewas of the Kashmir valley,Karewa microvertebrates,Fossil diatoms from baltal,karewa beds,Kashmir,Palynostratigraphy and palaeoenvironments,Kashmir,Dendroclimatic studies on the northern trees,Chronology of the Kashmir loess,Contribution of sedimentary and geomorphic data to the knowledge of palaeoclimates in the Nepal Himalayas,Extents of late pleistocene glaciers in Afghanistan based on interpretation of landsat imagery,Neogene-quaternary boundary in central Asia and inter-regional correlation,Upper pleistocene climatic fluctuations and palaeolithic settlement distribution in Soviet central Asia and surrounding territoris,The peculiaritis of the pleistocene palaeosol formations and distribution of embedded palaeolithic tools,Dispersion in porous media:palaeoclimatic implications.
¬® People‚Äôs Perception on Climate Change ¬® Global Warming, Climate Change and Environmental Issue for Sustainable Development ¬® Current State of Climate Change Law with special reference to India ¬® Climatic vulnerability & Adaptation techniques in Western Rajasthan ¬® Energy Resource Development in the Sundarban Region of Wes Bengal: Perspective of Climate Hazards and Vulnerability ¬® Impact of Climatic Policy Adopted in India on Manufacturing Exports ¬® Contemporary Climate Change ¬® Distribution & Properties of Rainfall Occurrences in Drought ¬® Climate Change and Community Based Forest Management ¬® Rainfall, Agriculture and Socio-economic Transformation ¬® Occupa-tional Structure of Scheduled Tribe Population in Indian Himalayan Region ¬® Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) for Ecotourism Initiative of Forest Community¬® Growth and Characteristics of Population of Urban Centres of Sikkim ¬® Condition of Urban Slums ¬® Influences of Changing Human Societies and the Climate Change ¬® Mainstreaming adaptation in India ¬® Impact of Agroclimatic factors on Plant Secondary Metabolites and their Accumulation in Medicinal Plants - A commercial approach ¬® Vulnerability of River Gradient, Longitudinal Profile and Embankments Role in Extent and Magnitude of Flood ¬® Assessing the Impact of Mizoram‚Äôs New Land Use Policy on Biodiversity Conservation and Livelihoods Security ¬® A Study of Yak Population of Arunachal Pradesh with Special Reference to Agro-Climatic Changes ¬® Impact of Flood on Settlement Displacement and Agricultural Productivity in Lower Dikrong Basin of Assam ¬® Climate Change and Indian Horticulture: Opportunities for Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies ¬® Climate Change and Land Use ¬® Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity ¬® Climate Change: Cause and Impact to the Water Borne Disease and Health ¬® Temporal and spatial distribution of As, Fe, and Mn in the groundwater aquifer at Silchar Town, South Assam and their variation with depth and pH ¬® Impact of Climate Change on Cropping Pattern ¬® Community Based Water Projects, Withering Justice and Environment Protection ¬® Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainability ¬® Energy Needs and Environment Mitigation ¬® Current Trends of Tropical Cyclone Energy ¬® Identification of Potential Sites for Water Recharge and Conservation in Lower Tlawng Sub-watershed, Aizawl District using Geo-informatics ¬® Watershed Management and Sustainable Development in Upper Tuivai ¬® Effect of physico-chemical parameters of water on abundance of trematode parasites of Channa punctata (Bloch) in Pumlen Lake, Manipur, India ¬® Identification of Urban Hot Spots in Relation to Built-Up Surface and Nature of Buildings in the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) Area ¬® The Use of Remote Sensing and GIS for Managing Forest Plantation and Watershed Conservation in Pasolgad Watershed in Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand ¬® Empowering Mountain Women through Livelihood Promotion and Natural Resource Management
Attaining food security for a growing population and alleviating poverty while sustaining agricultural systems under the current scenario of depleting natural resources, negative impacts of climatic variability, spiraling cost of inputs and volatile food prices are the major challenges before most of the Asian countries. The Indian agricultural production system faces the daunting task of having to feed 17.5 percent of the global population with only 2.4 per cent of land and 4 per cent of the water resources at its disposal. It is estimated that by 2050, the country‚Äôs food grain requirement will be 377 million tonnes (mt) to feed about 1.7 billion populations as against present production of ~272 mt (2016-17). With the continuously degrading natural resource base compounded further by global warming and associated climate changes ‚Äúbusiness as usual‚ÄĚ approach will not be able to ensure food and nutrition security to the vast population. The challenge is formidable because more has to be produced with reduced carbon and water footprints. Sustainability of agricultural systems is paramount importance for provisioning of food for perpetuity. The principal indicators of non-sustainability of agricultural systems includes: soil erosion, soil organic matter decline, salinization, acidification etc. These are caused mainly by: (i) intensive tillage induced soil organic matter decline, soil structural degradation, water and wind erosion, reduced water infiltration rates, surface sealing and crusting, soil compaction, (ii) insufficient return of organic material, and (iii) monocropping and imbalanced use of various agricultural inputs. Therefore, a paradigm shift in farming practices through eliminating unsustainable parts of conventional agriculture is crucial for future productivity gains while sustaining the natural resources. Rainfed areas, which constitute about 61% of the gross cultivated area, contribute only 42% to the total food production, while 39% of the irrigated area accounts for 58% of the national food basket. The challenge before the Indian agriculture, is to transform rainfed farming into more sustainable and productive systems through efficient use of natural resources. To achieve this, harnessing the potential of integrated farming systems, integrated nutrient management, and integrated water management needs to be undertaken from conservation point of view through location specific technologies. Conservation agriculture (CA) is a way to cultivate crops, based on no vertical perturbation of soil (zero and conservation tillage), with crop residue management and cover crops, in order to offer a permanent soil cover and a natural increase of organic matter content in surface horizons. CA is based on optimizing yields and profits, to achieve a balance of agricultural, economic and environmental benefits. It advocates that the combined social and economic benefits gained from combining production and protecting the environment, including reduced input and labor costs, are greater than those from production alone. CA is reported to reduce production cost by Rs. 2,000 to 3,000/ha, enhance soil quality, C sequestration and build-up in soil organic matter, enhance water and nutrient use efficiency, reduce greenhouse gas emission and improve environmental sustainability, provide opportunities for crop diversification and intensification and improve resource use efficiency through residue decomposition, soil structural improvement, increased recycling and availability of plant nutrients. The C-sequestration potential of CA is estimated to be 1.8 t CO2/ha/year. By sequestering of 1 tonne carbon in humus, it is possible to conserve 83.3 kg N, 20 kg P and 14.3 kg S/ha. Therefore, management of carbon not only helps in sequestration of carbon but also helps in restoring soil fertility. However, lack of appropriate seeders, competing use of crop residues; burning of crop residues and lack of skilled and scientific manpower and inappropriate extension strategies are the major bottlenecks in popularizing CA in India. The present book on ‚ÄėConservation Agriculture for Advancing Food Security in Changing Climate‚Äô being published in two volumes (Vol.1 & 2) deals with various aspects of CA in relation to efficient use of natural resources, crop diversification, complementary interactions among crop-livestock-tree components, soil and water conservation, rehabilitation of degraded lands, improving soil quality, climate smart farming and socio-economical perspectives. Experts and researchers from different agroclimatic zones of the country contributed chapters to enrich the quality of book. The book is divided into eight sections with each section having multiple chapters to cover the section appropriately.
Introduction*Geography of Uttarakhand Himalaya*Cultural History of Uttarakhand Himalaya*Social Structure and Caste System*Cultural Identity of Uttarakhand Himalaya*Major Pilgrimages and Cultural Integration: Past and Present*Temples of Uttarakhand Himalaya*Gods, Goddesses and Folk Deities*Fairs and Festivals*Folk Songs, Dances and Musical Instruments*Cultural Procession (Jatar)*Cultural Realms*Geography and Culture*Culture and Geography*Case Study of Selected Villages and Tribal Communities
Contents: Palynological society of India-its origin,growth,activities and achievements,Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy,Fossil pollen grains and biostratigraphy,Pollen aerobiology and allergy, Palynological technique, Pollen ultrastructure,Melissopalynology,Fungal spore allergy,Pollen chemistry,Index.
Contents: Introduction,Evaluation of the Himalaya and Indian-Asian plate interactions,Hidden central Indian ridge and Himalayan mountain system as twin folds of Indian sub-continent,Different kinds of thrusting in the Himalaya,Microstructural strain path in pratapnagar quartzite,Yamuna valley,Garhwal lesser Himalaya,Analysis of folds in Dharkot thrust sheet,Tectonic framework and structural characteristics of the crystalline rocks of Kumaun Himalaya, Late mesozoic-cenozoic magmatism and crustal growth in the Himalaya,Tibet's state of tension,The structual evolution on north-eastern Himalayan zone with special reference to Mizoram region,Palaeomagnetism of rocks from Indian peninsula and the Himalaya.
The book contains latest research articles written by eminent geologists on metamorphism, ophiolites and orgenic belts on the peninsular and extra-peninsular regions. Geothermometric,geobarometric,textural mineralogical and petrological studies have been used by the authors to deal with some crucial problems of metamorphism.Ophiolitic belts of the himalaya, metavolcanics of Kumaun,ultramafics of the archaean and geochemical aspects of the rocks of Indian ocean have also been dealt with in detail.Geochemical evolution of the aravalli,structural and tectonic characteristics of the various sectors of the Himalaya including Nepal form the subject matter of topics on orogenic belts. the volume has been dedicated to professor S. Varadarajan.
Contents: Editor note,Preface,Introduction,The himalaya,The sedimentary basins of the himalaya,The himalaya its relation with mountain ranges of central Asia,Geology of lesser himalaya A Kumaon sector,Geology of lesser himalaya B- Garhwal sector,Geology of lesser himalaya C- Himachal sector,An appraisal of the stratigraphy of the lesser himalayan zone,Petrography of metamorphites,Tectonics and structure of lesser himalayan zones,Metamorphic history,Economic resources,Bibliography.