This practical manual is an excellent compilation of techniques for researchers interested in various aspects dealing with cyanobacteria, besides providing basic knowledge on this fascinating group of organisms. Despite the availability of similar compilations, this stands out in terms of its clarity and âsimple to understand and do- languageâ, besides information on the latest advances in the field. Beginning with the basics of isolation, followed by purification and identification, the manual uses simple and effective vocabulary for those working with cyanobacteria, beginners or interested scholars. An important inclusion is the section on microscopy, from light microscropy to electron microscopy, which is a fascinating topic for those interested in understanding the ultrastructural features of these photosynthetic prokaryotes. Axenization and getting clones are one of the difficult aspects of cyanobacteriology and these details are given well, with illustrations. The protocols for lipid and protein extraction are explained in detail, and the use of molecular tools is also dealt suitably. The chapter on preservation of cyanobacteria, an important set of techniques for maintenance and storage, provides useful information not only for researchers, but also for germplasm culture collection curators. Overall, this compilation will provide useful for all researchers, particularly those interested in using cyanobacteria as their workhorses in their research programs.
The knowledge of plant systematics is useful in understanding flora at fundamental taxonomic, structural, functional and metabolic level since it gives a comprehensive and complete information based on biological classification of plants. Each plant is assigned a proper position in the hierarchy of flora, with checkpoints and filters to store useful information and keep some in storage.
Plant improvisation in terms of modifications or introduction of altogether new features can be done using modern biotechnological techniques based on tissue culture, molecular biology, enzymology, fermentation, plant breeding and genetics, microbiology etc. for improved plant growth, better adaptation and survival, crop yield in terms of improved disease and climate change resistance etc., converting plant bioresources into dynamic bioreactors which can become sources of useful metabolites, compounds, drugs, enzymes, vaccines etc. In addition new hybrid varieties with improved features can be developed after focusing upon plant species amenable to genetic manipulation. Large information thus generated can be interpreted through predictive-modeling studies and bio-informatic tools can be utilized for analyzing data generated spatially and temporally over the years.
The UGC and BCST sponsored National Conference held during November 28-30, 2017 at P. G. Department of Biotechnology, T. M. Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur has focused on urgent issues related to historical prospective, challenges and opportunities, methods in restoring the validity, recent advances and future prospects of research in plant systematics and biotechnology have been compiled in the present form of the Proceedings. Each paper has been written in lucid scientific manner, following guidelines of standard research journals with adequate number of tables, figures, graphs and latest references. Development of transgenic plants, emerging technologies for crop improvement and statistical computing in bio-statistics with SPSS have been discussed in detail.
The present book will prove useful to the research scholars and scientists of the various disciplinces in their ongoing research activities.
The term biotechnology was used for the first time by Karl Erkey, a Hungarian Engineer in 1919. Although biotechnology has been an integral part of ancient civilizations as per records, it has evolved into a comprehensive yet elaborate, extensive yet precise and indispensible subject for research being rooted and connected to all basic areas of life sciences in terms of research and analysis.
Biotechnology is based on use of biological agents, systems and mechanisms for generation of useful products and services by application of tools and techniques for overall benefit to mankind. It encompasses the intricacies of all branches of life science amalgamating them with broad research areas of environment, agriculture, pollution, drugs and pharmaceuticals, vaccines, detailed structure of bio-molecules and their functions.
An altogether new era has dawned upon biotechnology, as a result of which it has endowed and empowered us with novel, modified and improved products. These products have become a source of economic upliftment and development, which are also proved to be foundation stones for industries and capital generation. We are living in the age of genomics which has further evolved into proteomics, metabolomics, metagenomics etc. and new branches based on application of software programmes for data research, analysis and interpretation- bioinformatics and biostatistics.
Biotechnology thus offers a plethora of opportunities and avenues to people who wish to pursue their career in biotechnology. Keeping this in view, the present book was planned and designed as a source of crisp, concise and complete information under one roof. We hope that the students preparing for different competitive exams find this book helpful and informative for achieving their goal. A sincere effort has been made to present information in short answer type format and multiple choice question format so as to cover the basics, finer points, critical nuggets of information and contemporary news as well. We hope to further such academic endeavors in future and hope for a good response.
he book entitled Librarianship in New Millennium is intended for the LIS fraternity working in various libraries and information centres whether special, academic or public. The papers published in the book have been contributed by the professionals working in different organizations. The quality papers have been included in the publication demonstrating various key issues of librarianship like institutional repositories, innovative services in libraries, MOOCs, information commons, human resource management, changing role of library professionals and digital rights management & IPR with the purpose of solving the problems of practicing library and information science professionals. We, as editors, hope this book will go a long way in helping the LIS fraternity in finding out the solutions and new ideas to improve the quality in librarianship with the help of ICT and add a new dimension to LIS literature.
The book entitled New Horizons of Librarianship in Knowledge Society is intended for the LIS fraternity working in various libraries and information centres whether special, academic or public. The papers published in the book have been contributed by the professionals working in different organizations in India and other countries like Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. The quality papers have been included in the publication demonstrating various key issues of librarianship like big data issues and challenges, bibliographic standards, institutional repositories, information service, performance appraisal, techno-stress management, challenges of professional ethics in ICT environment, e-books, indigenous knowledge, RFID technology, open source software, knowledge management, library marketing, user studies, networking devices and technologies and other burning issues with the purpose of solving the problems of practicing library and information science professionals. We, as editors, hope this book will go a long way in helping the LIS fraternity in finding out the solutions and new ideas to improve the quality in librarianship with the help of ICT and add a new dimension to LIS literature.
~ Spices in Sanskrit Litrature ~ Vedic Window to Europe ~ Spices in Ayurvedic Literature ~ Introduction to investigation ~ Spices as Drugs: State of Art ~ Materials of Methods ~ Results ~ Discussion ~ Summary and Conclusion cultivation of spices ~ Discoveries, human behaviour and food for health ~ Literature Cites ~ Appendix ~ Index
The book deals with the core area of business ethics. The book elucidates the topics in a free flowing language in order to enable students understanding. This book is directed at Post Graduate students of Commerce and Management. Besides, it can be used by the students of other professional courses and by practising managers alike. The book has few cases which deals with business and financial ethics
Natural resources are depleting at alarming rates because of their irrational use pattern. Although, utilization of resources is an intrinsic component of the process of development yet, over exploitation of natural resources has led to environmental degradation and change in pattern of rural economy. Rural communities, in particular, are greatly affected by the increasing use of natural resources. To many of them, development is about livelihood and survival rather than increasing productivity and accumulation of wealth. Management of natural resources seems to be the only way forward to sustain the livability of rural communities. It also requires collaborative works from various stakeholders as the use and un-use of natural resources depend upon a number of factors including historical, political, economic, social and cultural. Through the substantial holistic approach and concrete framework for policy research could be conceptualized, planned and implemented.
The book contains 109 chapters which are published in three volumes. The first volume is devoted to the theme, ânatural resources use pattern, management and policy perspectivesâ in which 22 chapters are incorporated. The second volume contains 37 chapters and the theme is âagriculture and livelihood sustainabilityâ. The third volume has three sections; the first one is âclimate changeâ with nine chapters. It is followed by the second section âpopulation and socio-economic developmentâ which also contains nine chapters. The last section is interdisciplinary in nature in which 32 chapters are incorporated. The whole book comprises chapters from different disciplines such as Earth Sciences, Biological Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Social Sciences and Medical Sciences and thus the authors of proceedingsâ chapters are divers in nature and they contributed chapters from different respective fields.